Qurban Bayram, also known as Eid al-Adha, is the second annual Muslim holiday where worshipers are mandated to engage in charitable deeds. Charitable organizations in Turkey are taking the opportunity to channel special humanitarian aid across the country as well as around the world.
This year, they will travel to around 80 countries to distribute the donations they have collected to underprivileged communities. The most common aid is meat from animals sacrificed during Qurban Bayram, also known as the Feast of Sacrifice. In exchange for cash donations, charities buy and slaughter animals to distribute the meat, either abroad or in Turkey.
The Humanitarian Aid Foundation (IHH) will sacrifice animals in 60 countries and donate their meat, while the Turkish Diyanet Foundation (TDV) seeks to reach more than 25 million people in 80 countries.
The Federation of Associations that Value Humanity (IDDEF) will be active in 40 countries, from Africa and Asia to the Middle East and the Balkans. The Turkish Red Crescent (Kızılay) will reach some 4 million people in Turkey and 50 localities abroad. It stands out among other charities by also providing canned meat, from animals slaughtered in Turkey, to households in need all year round and since its meat deliveries will be immediate abroad.
The Deniz Feneri association will distribute meat in Turkey, as well as in Afghanistan, Bangladesh (with targeted aid for Rohingya Muslim refugees), Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Ethiopia, Côte d’Ivoire , Ghana, Cameroon, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Togo and Zimbabwe. The Cansuyu Association will provide aid in African and Asian countries as well as refugee camps housing Rohingya Muslims, Palestinian refugee camps, the Gaza Strip and Yemen. The Yardımeli Association will be active in 21 overseas locations, from Africa to the Middle East.
The Sadakataşı association will be active in some 35 countries, from the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) to Spain.
Doctors Worldwide Turkey will provide aid in 15 countries, from Afghanistan to Chad and Yemen, and aims to reach some 500,000 people.
Aid may be temporary relief in the midst of a global food crisis, but it’s more vital than ever this year. Up to 345 million people face food insecurity in 82 countries, more than double the level seen before the coronavirus pandemic and the war in Ukraine, the World Food Program (WFP) reported last month. The figure represents an increase of more than 200 million people since before the pandemic, the Rome-based United Nations body said. “There is a very real risk that global food and nutrition needs will soon exceed the response capacity of WFP – or any organization –,” he said.
Citing Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen, South Sudan and Afghanistan, the WFP said that when combined, “these numbers tell an alarming story: the world is in the midst of a global food crisis, biggest in recent history.
He said that in response, the WFP was declaring a global emergency to prevent starvation and death.
The UN agency said it was aiming to support a record 151.6 million people in 2022, up from the 128 million reached in 2021, itself a record high. Its global funding forecast would provide less than half of the $22.2 billion annual operational requirement, it said. “WFP faces a triple jeopardy: operational costs are rising, the number of people suffering from acute hunger is reaching unprecedented levels, and yet funding for humanitarian operations is shrinking,” he said. A shortage of exports from major grain producers in Russia and Ukraine has pushed up prices, while the war has also disrupted agricultural production in Ukraine. WFP highlighted Russia‘s role as a major fertilizer producer and energy provider. And he noted that some food-producing countries were limiting or banning exports in order to stabilize domestic prices.
Qurban Bayram commemorates Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son at the command of Allah. The Prophet Abraham, known as Ibrahim in the Islamic world, made a vow that if he had a son, he would sacrifice him for the sake of Allah. After having a son, the prophet was reminded of this wish by a dream. Abraham and his son were ready to keep the promise. The prophet placed his son on an altar and took a knife to sacrifice him, although Satan tried to stop them. However, an angel appeared and told Abraham to spare his son. They were rewarded by showing their loyalty to Allah. A ram was sent to him from heaven, and the prophet sacrificed the ram in place of his son.
While cooking some parts of the sacrificed ram, Abraham and his family also distributed the meat to the poor. This is why Muslims traditionally sacrifice animals during Qurban Bayram and why this festival is also called the Feast of Sacrifice. Qurban Bayram is a time of help and charity. According to Islam, Muslims who meet the necessary criteria of wealth should help the needy with alms called “zakat”. One of the most appropriate times for this monetary aid is the day of Arafah, or the first day of bayram, until the Eid prayer. Those who could sacrifice an animal during the bayram are obliged to share it with the poor.