OBJECTIVES AND METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
There are four million refugees in Turkey, living side by side with the host community, actively participating in the same economy, formal and informal, both as employers and employees (UNHCR, 2021). IFRC Turkey, in close partnership with TRC, is making a major contribution to their livelihoods through the role it plays in the implementation of the ESSN program and other migration-related activities implemented to support the refugees living in Turkey (IFRC, 2021). The aim of this study is to gather and synthesize knowledge from different sources regarding the participation of refugees in economic activities in Turkey.
This study is the first in a series of Secondary Data Review (SDR) studies, as indicated in the name of this type of product, SDR-based studies are not solely based on data collected by the IFRC and the TRC, nor do they offer an in-depth analysis of primary data conducted on behalf of IFRC Turkey or TRC. Instead, SDR products compile important external and internal findings on refugee groups living in Turkey, produced and published by sources such as local and international media, NGOs, INGOs, UN agencies and universities, working both inside and outside Turkey. Accordingly, the data, analyzes and conclusions shared in these SDR studies do not reflect the views of the IFRC as an institution, whose role in this context is limited to a provider of systematized information on an important subject such as refugee crisis. in Turkey.
Specifically, this SDR study aims to provide an overview of the current situation of refugees within the Turkish economy by combining, summarizing and contrasting the findings of the latest available research, produced by both the humanitarian sector and academic institutions. This study not only compiles the results of this research, but also compares them to similar research to triangulate their validity and check their reliability. There is a wide variety of research on the topic of economic integration of refugees in Turkey, produced both by humanitarian agencies from Turkey and other countries and academics on the topic of refugees living in Turkey and their economic situation. This SDR report primarily uses studies that represent the majority of refugee groups in Turkey and excludes project-specific studies or studies specific to a certain geographic part of Turkey. Given that at the time of publication of this report, approximately 90% of these refugees are also Syrian (UNHCR, 2021), some studies that focus on this ethnic group are also covered despite the fact that the experiences of refugee groups non-Syrians can be significantly different from Syrians.
The secondary data collection and analytical development tool behind this SDR report is an inter-agency initiative known as the Data Entry and Exploration Platform (DEEP). DEEP is an intelligent web-based platform offering a suite of collaborative tools tailored to responses to humanitarian crises. It includes common analysis workflows and thinking frameworks using both structured and unstructured, quantitative and qualitative data. Using a customizable analysis framework, users can easily catalog information contained in large amounts of documents and export it to a variety of formats. Although the platform is meant to be a collaborative space, it is open-source and available to be deployed in private server environments. Data in DEEP is only visible to users authorized to access a project space and is stored using modern web technology standards.