The summit, which will be hosted by Algeria on November 1 and 2, faces major challenges that have led to its postponement more than once from its scheduled date last March.
The Algeria summit has been postponed 3 times, the last of which was earlier this year due to the Corona pandemic.
The last Arab League Leaders Summit took place in March 2019 in Tunisia, and the 2020 and 2021 editions were canceled due to COVID-19.
Arab-Arab relations are currently going through major crises, the most important of which is perhaps the differences between Algeria, which hosts the summit, and its neighbor, Morocco, over the question of the Sahara.
During the last period, Algeria has sought to circumvent the controversial points which posed a challenge to the holding of the Arab summit, and has coordinated positions with many Arab capitals, and it has also sent an official invitation to the Moroccan government. despite the severance of relations with him. .
It was also announced that Algeria had reached an agreement with the Damascus government that the clause was not included in the reoccupation of Damascus for its seat on the Council of the Arab League, thus freezing an obstacle to the summoning of the periodic Arab summit meeting.
Experts believe that the success of the Algerian summit on Arab reunification and an end to disputes could be the summit’s greatest achievement, stressing that crucial issues such as the Turkish occupation of Syria and the situation in Palestine will not be discussed. at meetings of Arab leaders.
International relations expert and professor at the Jordanian University of Mutah, Dr. Iyad Al-Majali, believes that Algeria’s preparations for holding an Arab summit at the beginning of the 11th of this year constitute a new attempt which should achieve what Algeria has announced. for the watchword (meeting) according to a diplomatic framework, reconciliation and convergence of views between the Arab parties.
He explained to our agency that the Algeria summit carries ambitions and hopes through which the Arab League seeks to find mechanisms for joint action to resolve the differences between Morocco and Algeria, to one hand, and Algeria and Tunisia, on the other hand, as well as the differences between Egypt and Libya.
He stressed that the Arab summit is facing great challenges, the most important of which are perhaps the tension in relations between Algeria and Morocco, the return of armed chaos in Libya and the creation of large areas of intersection between Cairo and Algeria as well as because of the latter’s positions on the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, the overlap in Iraq and Lebanon, the Yemeni crisis and the realignment of some with Iran and Russia. The deep differences on the presence of Damascus at this summit, as well as the divergence of views and the ambiguity that dominated the positions of the Arab countries in the face of the complex crises of the political reality of the international community.
The Jordanian expert added that these challenges constitute a heavy burden for the Algerian summit, which justified its postponement, stressing at the same time that the reasons for its convening seem more urgent than these obstacles.
He explained that the Ukrainian crisis and its repercussions stemmed from the most important reasons for convening this summit, especially since the Russian-Ukrainian war had imposed its dangerous economic consequences on all parties and plunged the region into crisis. suffocating economy, which accelerated the convening of the summit on the date set for it to take joint decisions in the face of the crushing crisis in the energy and food supply of Russian and Ukrainian lands.
Regarding the possibility of the success of the summit in the light of the difficult circumstances of its convening, the Jordanian expert considered that the conditions for the success of the summit are closely linked to the will of the Arab leaders to overcome the debates which have become high and dangerous cost for the peoples of the region, and to activate diplomatic efforts aimed at bridging the gap between most Arab countries and enhancing the prospects for joint cooperation.
For his part, the Emirati expert and professor of political science and international relations, Dr. Salem Al Ketbi, believes that the next Arab summit in Algeria will be held in a dangerous and worrying geopolitical context for the world as a whole.
He told our agency: “With all due respect to the Arab situation and the differences between brothers, but they can always be resolved, especially with the change in the prevention factors and the independence of the Arab region, but the world is now on the brink of nuclear war, even if it comes to threats aimed at obtaining concessions or a change of strategic position between the poles of the conflict in Ukraine and the East and West , and in no way can the Arab summit in Algeria ignore these nuclear dangers.
The Emirati expert pointed out that Arab countries are capable of solving their problems whenever there is a sincere desire in addition to the factors of common interests to resolve fraternal disputes, which is a temporary matter that requires the wisdom of the wise on the part of the owners of the solution and the contract to take complementary measures to bridge the Arab divide, which varies from period to period, underlining the existence of several positive measures have been taken by a number of Gulf Arab States, in addition to Egypt, which has always been on the side of Arab unity in the face of the many dangers and challenges that beset it.
Egyptian expert in Arab and international relations, Kamel Abdullah, agreed with him, assuring our agency that the atmosphere was conducive to achieving significant progress in all aspects of the Arab dispute.
According to Abdallah, the Algeria summit is taking place in a positive atmosphere that was not available before for rapprochement between Arab countries, in addition to the fact that Algerian diplomacy has been active recently to ensure the greatest presence of Arab leaders. , and its Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra paid visits to the Gulf, Egypt, Syria and Lebanon to invite the leaders of these countries to the summit.
He expressed his conviction that the Algiers summit will see a great way out of the impasse in Moroccan-Algerian relations, in particular with the announcement of the possibility of the Moroccan monarch’s participation in the summit.
He stressed that the same applies to the dispute between Cairo and Tripoli, and that there are practical indications of rapprochement in these two crises and that the Arab summit could push for a major breakthrough in these.
As for the participation of Damascus, the Egyptian expert believes that the Arab dispute on this subject is great, in addition to that, Damascus informed Algeria very early that it was not interested in the summit.
On the possibility of coming out with solid results from the summit on issues such as the Turkish occupation of northern Syria or the situation in Palestine, the Egyptian expert stressed that this will not happen, justifying that the positions of the countries Arabs on these issues are still deeply contested.