United Nations General Assembly: “The world must wake up” | News | DW

  • US, China discuss efforts for peace
  • Climate change, dispute resolution and key issues of hunger in the world
  • South Korea calls on US to discuss nuclear weapons with North
  • Taliban demand voice from UN General Assembly
  • Turkey to accede to Paris Agreement by November climate meeting
  • UN chief denounces space travel amid global hunger
  • NATO and European countries give their opinion on the fallout from French submarines

This story was last updated at 0820 UTC

No French offer to leave the Security Council

Unlike a UK report The telegraph of the day France said on Wednesday that it did not plan to give up its permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council in exchange for the creation of a European army.

“No, France has not offered to quit its seat on the United Nations Security Council. It belongs to France and it will remain so,” said the office of President Emmanuel Macron.

Skepticism of the United States

US President Joe Biden’s call for “relentless diplomacy” would be viewed with skepticism by US allies in Europe, even if the submarine crisis did not erupt just before the General Assembly, as US relations with many countries are still tense after the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan, according to DW correspondent Teri Schultz.

“We cannot stress enough the impact that the evacuation debacle had on the confidence that allies and partners currently place in the United States,” she said. “President Biden’s speech may have worked better earlier in his presidency than today.”

Along with US relations with Russia and China, Biden will continue to need European allies over the next few years of his presidency, Schultz added.

NATO chief calls for focus on ‘big picture’

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg told AP News its members should focus “on the big picture” in an interview on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly.

Stoltenberg did not want to take sides in canceling the agreement on French submarines.

Instead, he urged members of the Defensive Treaty to “stand together and continue to modernize and adapt NATO” to new challenges.

Stoltenberg said a proposal to create a European standby force of around 5,000 troops should not be “something happening outside of NATO”.

“Any attempt to weaken the transatlantic link between Europe and North America will not only weaken NATO, it will divide Europe,” he said. “We have one set of forces, and we must make the maximum available to NATO.”

He said that although the organization would continue to fight terrorism, it should “think carefully about the targets, the objectives” of each mission.

“The more we are able to stabilize countries without deploying thousands of troops in combat missions, the better,” Stoltenberg added.

France unhappy with the change of meeting

A meeting of senior diplomats from France, Germany, Britain and the United States scheduled for Wednesday collapsed due to a lingering difference of opinion on a new US-UK-Australia security pact.

The meeting, which was to take place on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly, was one of three meetings scheduled between US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian.

Le Drian responded by accusing the administration of US President Joe Biden of “unilateralism, unpredictability, brutality and disrespecting your partner.”

Although the US State Department claimed the reason for the meeting’s cancellation was scheduling issues, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said it was due to “dissatisfaction on the French side.”

Maas said he “can understand” the French reaction and that “some things … need to be rectified before we can sit down together in this format.”

He added: “This decision and the way it was taken is upsetting. And it is sobering not only for France.”

France has sought explanations of how the US and UK have left the Western European country out of a submarine deal with Australia.

German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said he could understand the French reaction to the submarine deal

Brazilian minister tests positive for COVID-19

Brazilian Health Minister Marcelo Queiroga tested positive for coronavirus in New York just hours after attending the United Nations General Assembly.

Queiroga was part of a delegation led by the country’s president, Jair Bolsonaro.

The president, an unvaccinated COVID-19 skeptic who was infected with the virus in July 2020, told world leaders and delegates that all Brazilians who wanted to be vaccinated could do so by November.

The health minister, who said he wore a mask during the meeting, will now remain in quarantine in New York. “The minister is doing well,” said a statement from the Brazilian government.

As most of the Brazilian delegation is not vaccinated, they were not allowed to eat in New York restaurants and instead were forced to eat pizza on the sidewalk, according to Reuters news agency. .

Qatar calls for dialogue with the Taliban

The ruling Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, referred to “the need to continue dialogue with the Taliban” in his speech to the United Nations General Assembly.

“The boycott only leads to polarization and reactions, while the dialogue could bring positive results,” said the emir of the new Afghan leadership.

Qatar aided in talks with the Taliban during the insurgent recapture of Afghanistan after the US-led troops withdrew last summer.

Hamad Al Thani also called for a return to Iranian nuclear talks and an end to Israeli attacks on the Palestinian people.

Kerry hails China’s coal-fired power plant decision

John Kerry, the US climate envoy and former secretary of state, told DW’s Richard Walker that he was “absolutely delighted” with China’s decision not to build coal-fired power plants.

Taliban try to speak at meeting

In a surprise gesture, the Taliban asked to address the United Nations General Assembly, UN spokesman Stéphane Dujarric confirmed on Tuesday.

The United States said it was aware of the request, but that the UN credentials committee would “take some time to deliberate,” suggesting the Taliban may not be able to speak out on the matter. of this session.

China commits to “dialogue and cooperation”

Chinese leader Xi Jinping said his country is turning to multilateralism to resolve current global disputes through “dialogue and cooperation” after coming under increased pressure from the United States.

In a pre-recorded message, Xi said, “We must pursue dialogue and inclusion rather than confrontation and exclusion.”

Climate protection in China, COVID promises

Xi renewed his commitment to climate change to help the world meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.

“China will step up support to other developing countries in developing green and low-carbon energy, and will not build new overseas coal-fired power projects,” Xi said.

“The world is big enough to accommodate the common development and progress of all countries,” he added, saying China would donate 2 billion vaccines to poor countries by the end of the year. .

Turkey signs the Paris Agreement

Turkish President Recep Tayip Erdogan told the United Nations General Assembly on Tuesday that his country would ratify the Paris Agreement on climate change.

After scientists attributed the wildfires and intense flooding across Turkey to climate change, he said he would submit the vote to the Turkish parliament soon.

“Ahead of the United Nations climate change conference, to be held in Glasgow, we are considering the ratification phase of the targeted carbon neutral agreement,” Erdogan said.

South Korea calls for talks with North

South Korean President Moon Jae-In has called for a “rapid resumption” of negotiations between the United States and North Korea.

A week after Pyongyang violated UN Security Council resolutions by firing two ballistic missiles, Moon said he hoped to see “the power of dialogue and cooperation to promote peace.”

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has not reached a nuclear weapons deal with former US President Donald Trump, despite three meetings last year.

The United States opens an “era of relentless diplomacy”

US President Joe Biden said the world faces the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change and human rights abuses in his first address to the United Nations General Assembly on Tuesday.

He called on countries to work on their cooperation on the basis of “our common humanity” and move away from solving problems with what he called “bombs and bullets”.

After comments from UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, Biden said the United States “was not looking for a new cold war” but still promised to “defend our allies.”

“We are ushering in a new era of relentless diplomacy, of using the power of our development assistance to invest in new ways of uplifting people around the world,” the US president said.

On criticism of the recent diplomatic outburst with France over the submarine deal with Australia, he said relations with the French were “excellent”.

Biden supported the role of the UN in this process, deciding to increase the funding to $ 11.4 billion (€ 9.7 billion).

In what Biden called “a decisive decade,” he pledged to double climate aid and spend $ 10 billion to reduce world hunger.

“We will choose to build a better future. We, you and I have the will and the capacity to make it better. Ladies and gentlemen, we cannot afford to waste any more time,” he said. “We can do it.”

UN chief denounces the irony “joyriding” of space

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has denounced billionaires such as Richard Branson and Jeff Bezos who have soared into space amid current global issues.

In his opening speech, Guterres said the gap between the rich and the poor was highlighted by “billionaires traveling in space while millions of people were hungry on Earth.”

He added that the world faces an “even darker” future with more desperation, corruption and restriction of personal freedoms.

“We’re on the brink of an abyss – and we’re headed in the wrong direction,” Guterres said. “I am here to sound the alarm. The world must wake up.”

jc / aw (Reuters, AP, AFP)

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