As the world ages, so does Turkey. But the figures show that Turkey still has an advantage over European Union countries. On Wednesday, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) released figures on the country’s population ahead of World Population Day, which will be celebrated on July 11. The figures highlight that Turkey‘s child population is higher than that of the bloc countries. Likewise, the elderly population of the country also lags behind European countries.
The world’s population increased by around 1 billion in 12 years, between 1999 and 2011. By the end of 2022, it is estimated to reach 8 billion. According to United Nations population estimates, the world population for 2021 was estimated at 7.8 billion, with China posting the highest population at over 1.4 billion, ahead of India. The two countries and the United States accounted for more than 40% of the total world population. Turkey, with a population of over 84.6 million, ranks 18th out of 195 countries in terms of population size.
The country also has a proportion of children of 26.9%, well above the countries of the European Union where Ireland tops the list of countries with the highest proportion at 24.5% in 2021, ahead of France where the proportion of children was 21.1%. Turkey was also younger than European countries where the highest proportion of young population was in Cyprus, at 13.5% in 2021 compared to 15.3% in Turkey.
In terms of elderly population, at 9.7%, Turkey was behind Ireland, which had the lowest proportion of elderly people at 14.9% among European countries. Italy has the highest number of older people, at 23.6%.
Turkey ranks seventh among European Union countries in terms of total fertility rate, at 1.70 in 2021, behind France, Sweden and Ireland. With an average of 75.6 years for men, life expectancy in Turkey was higher than the world average, according to figures from TurkStat. The figure, however, was lower than the average in Europe.