Turkey NATO – Esen Fidanlik http://esenfidanlik.com/ Wed, 23 Nov 2022 03:15:28 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://esenfidanlik.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/cropped-icon-32x32.png Turkey NATO – Esen Fidanlik http://esenfidanlik.com/ 32 32 Erdogan says Turkey will attack Kurdish militants with tanks and soldiers https://esenfidanlik.com/erdogan-says-turkey-will-attack-kurdish-militants-with-tanks-and-soldiers/ Wed, 23 Nov 2022 03:15:28 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/erdogan-says-turkey-will-attack-kurdish-militants-with-tanks-and-soldiers/

A Turkish-backed Syrian fighter sits behind a machine gun in a fortified position in Jarablus, near the border with Turkey, in Syria’s rebel-held northern province of Aleppo.
Photo: BAKR ALKASEM

Turkey will soon attack the militants with tanks and soldiers, President Tayyip Erdogan has said, signaling a possible ground offensive against a Kurdish militia in Syria after retaliatory strikes escalated along the Syrian border.

His comments came as Turkish artillery continued to shell Kurdish bases and other targets near the Syrian towns of Tal Rifaat and Kobani, two Syrian military sources said. Reuters.

“We have been operating against terrorists for a few days with our planes, our guns and our rifles,” Erdogan said in a speech in northeastern Turkey. “God willing, we will eliminate them all as soon as possible, with our tanks, our soldiers.”

He previously said the operations would not be limited to an air campaign and could involve ground forces. Turkey has mounted several major military operations against the Syrian Kurdish YPG militia and Islamic State militants in northern Syria in recent years.

On Tuesday, Turkey said the YPG had killed two people in mortar attacks from northern Syria, following Turkish aerial operations against the militia at the weekend and a deadly bomb attack in Istanbul a week earlier.

The YPG-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said 15 civilians and fighters had been killed in Turkish strikes in recent days.

Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar has vowed to continue operations against the militants, renewing calls for NATO ally Washington to stop supporting Syrian Kurdish forces that Ankara calls a wing of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) banned.

“We tell all our partners, including the United States, at all levels, that the YPG stands up to the PKK and persist in our demand that they cease all forms of support for terrorists,” Akar told a crowd. parliamentary committee in a speech.

A child and a teacher were killed and six people were injured on Tuesday when mortar shells hit a border area in Turkey’s Gaziantep province. Its armed forces responded with jets striking targets in Syria again, a senior security official said.

Stop escalation

A spokesman for the US State Department said Washington had raised serious concerns with Ankara about the impact of the escalation on the goal of fighting Islamic State.

“We urged Turkey against such operations, just as we urged our Syrian partners against attacks or escalation,” the spokesperson said in email responses to questions.

A spokesperson for the United States National Security Agency said Reuters on the basis that the US government opposed any military action that would destabilize the situation in Syria.

The United States has allied itself with the YPG-led SDF in the fight against the Islamic State in Syria, causing a deep rift with Turkey.

Moscow, which is allied with Damascus, also called on Turkey to exercise restraint in its use of “excessive” military force in Syria and to prevent tension from escalating, Russian news agencies quoted an envoy as saying. Russian in Syria.

During an official visit to Turkey on Tuesday, German Interior Minister Nancy Faeser told reporters that Berlin stood firmly with Ankara in the fight against terrorism, but warned that the reaction must be reasonable.

“We stand with Turkey in the investigation of this terrorist attack and in the fight against terrorism (…) but we also believe that the reaction must be reasonable and in accordance with the rights of the people and not harm civilians. .”

Turkey said its warplanes destroyed 89 targets in Syria and Iraq on Monday, with 184 militants killed in operations targeting the YPG and PKK on Monday and Tuesday.

Ankara said its weekend operation was in retaliation for a bomb attack in Istanbul last week that killed six people and which authorities blamed on militants. No one claimed responsibility and the PKK and SDF denied any involvement.

The bombing evoked memories of violence before the tense 2015 elections and could lead to another security-focused campaign for Erdogan ahead of the tight election next June.

An SDF spokesman said Turkish strikes over the weekend killed 11 civilians, an SDF fighter and two guards.

More than 40,000 people have been killed in fighting between the PKK and the Turkish state that began in 1984. Turkey, the United States and the European Union designate the PKK as a terrorist group.

-Reuter

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Greece an ‘indispensable’ NATO ally, says State Department spokesperson https://esenfidanlik.com/greece-an-indispensable-nato-ally-says-state-department-spokesperson/ Sat, 19 Nov 2022 06:36:06 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/greece-an-indispensable-nato-ally-says-state-department-spokesperson/

The failure of the US State Department to publicly call out Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan “undermines the very principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity around which the United States rallied the West in the case of Ukraine”, says the writer. [REUTERS]

The United States affirmed Greece’s status as an “indispensable” NATO ally, saying it plays a key role in promoting the two countries’ common goals in Europe and the eastern Mediterranean.

“We view Greece as an indispensable partner and a key NATO ally for the United States, and Greece plays a vital role in the defense of NATO’s southeastern flank. And today, together, the United States and Greece are advancing our shared goals not just for their immediate region, but for Europe more broadly,” State Department Deputy Spokesperson Vedant said Friday. Patel, during a regular press briefing.

Patel was reacting to a question from a Turkish journalist regarding the Greek Foreign Minister’s recent visit to Libya. Nikos Dendias refused to disembark his plane after landing in the capital Tripoli and instead flew to the eastern city of Benghazi.

Responding to a follow-up question about Greece’s snub to Libya’s Western Tripoli-based administration, the spokesperson repeated:

“What I would simply say, because I don’t have a specific reaction to offer, is that Greece is an indispensable partner and a key NATO ally for the United States, and plays a role important in protecting NATO’s southeast flank, but also in helping the United States achieve its objectives for the immediate Mediterranean region but also for Europe more broadly.

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Peace with Vladimir Putin’s Russia is an Illusion, by Austin Bay https://esenfidanlik.com/peace-with-vladimir-putins-russia-is-an-illusion-by-austin-bay/ Wed, 16 Nov 2022 04:59:43 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/peace-with-vladimir-putins-russia-is-an-illusion-by-austin-bay/

As I write this article on November 15, unconfirmed reports indicate that missiles fired from east to west have passed Ukraine by 10 kilometers, struck near the Polish village of Przewodow and killed two Polish citizens. Polish radio blamed two “misplaced” Russian missiles. However, the Pentagon had yet to verify critical details, such as: Were they Russian missiles? Was Poland an accidental or intentional target?

Immediate diplomatic responses from belligerents: Russian President Vladimir Putin’s Kremlin denied that Russian missiles had hit Poland and called the reports a “deliberate provocation”. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has said Russian missiles striking “the territory of our friendly country” Poland are a “significant escalation” of the war Putin launched in February.

Who to believe in the fog of war and diplomacy?

Relevant Context: Nine months of war have revealed Russian military incompetence at the tactical and operational levels. We have witnessed bewildering flaws in Russian weapons. Russian army close combat training standards are sub-elementary schools. It’s a safe bet that Jordan, Tanzania, Vietnam and half a dozen other developing countries that train their soldiers in sound, disciplined tactics are laughing.

Now consider five verifiable facts. No. 1: Poland is a NATO country. No. 2: As a member of NATO, Poland is protected by Article 5 of NATO, the commitment to collective defence. #3: Missiles are larger projectiles than rifle bullets.

More on fact #3 later.

Background to Fact #2: Brazenly called the Three Musketeers Clause, Article 5 of the NATO treaty exemplifies the tough diplomacy that won the Cold War. The French musketeers swore one for all and all for one.

The Musketeers were a fiction. Article 5 makes the commitment in the real world. NATO members agree “that an armed attack on one or more of them…shall be considered an attack on them all”. Each member then takes “such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain” NATO security if an enemy attacks a member’s territory or “forces, ships or aircraft” operating “in or over” NATO territory.

NATO invoked Article 5 after 9/11 when al-Qaeda attacked US territory. In April 2012, Syrian forces fired rifle bullets across the Turkey-Syria border and injured four people. The shooting constituted an armed violation of the Turkish border. Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan said “NATO has responsibilities regarding Turkey’s borders in accordance with Article 5”. With no loss of life, this incident was more or less treated as an accident.

In June 2012, following Syria‘s downing of a Turkish plane, Ankara called for a consultation on NATO’s Article 4.

Article 4 states that NATO allies “shall consult each other whenever, in the opinion of either of them, the territorial integrity, political independence or security” of a NATO ally. NATO will be threatened. An Article 4 consultation sends grim diplomatic signals — that NATO is preparing for action.

As I write this article, Poland indicates that it will request an Article 4 consultation to deal with the missile strikes.

Back to Fact #3: Missiles are larger projectiles than rifle bullets, and the November 15 missiles killed two people.

Fact 4: Since 2014, when Russia invaded Ukraine, seized Crimea, and then invaded the Donbass region in eastern Ukraine, the spillover of conflict has been more than a possibility; given Russia’s disregard for human life, military incompetence, and inferior weaponry, a spillover of conflict and slaughter was likely.

This produced a strategic effect: the neutral peoples of Finland and Sweden decided that they needed the protection of Article 5 of NATO. Call this verifiable fact number 5.

On March 18, 2014, Putin’s regime annexed Crimea. When he announced the annexation, Putin touted three centuries of Russian control of Crimea. Whatever the cover or explanation of the sphere of influence, Russia had engaged in armed territorial expansion.

The legacy of armed expansion by a European great power is mass slaughter across the continent and, in the 20th century, a world war.

Whether or not the missiles were intentionally aimed at Poland, they constitute a violation of Article 5.

That is why they are a true diplomatic test of the Biden administration’s vow to defend the territorial integrity of NATO against military attack.

Putin must be held accountable. But the world to make peace with a Russia led by Vladimir Putin is an illusion.

To learn more about Austin Bay and read articles from other Creators writers and cartoonists, visit the Creators Syndicate webpage at www.creators.com.

Photo credit: 12019 on Pixabay

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Erdogan says Republican Senate control would help Turkey’s F-16 buy: Media https://esenfidanlik.com/erdogan-says-republican-senate-control-would-help-turkeys-f-16-buy-media/ Sat, 12 Nov 2022 10:58:00 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/erdogan-says-republican-senate-control-would-help-turkeys-f-16-buy-media/

Turkey’s efforts to complete its purchase of F-16 jets would be “much easier” if Republicans end up controlling the US Senate, Turkish media quoted President Recep Tayyip Erdogan as saying on Saturday.

NATO member Turkey requested in October to buy 40 F-16 fighters from Lockheed Martin Corp and nearly 80 retrofit kits for its existing fighter jets, and technical discussions continue between the two sides.

For all the latest headlines, follow our Google News channel online or through the app.

The US Congress would have to approve any final sale, which would be a hurdle for Ankara given the nations’ sometimes strained diplomatic relations and the skepticism of some US lawmakers.

“I hope next month will be full of good news and we will move in a very positive direction on the F-16 issue,” Erdogan told reporters on a flight from Uzbekistan.

“If the Republicans claim the few seats they need in the Senate, things will be much easier for us.”

Incumbent Democrat Mark Kelly’s victory in Arizona on Friday left Democrats one seat in the battle for control of the US Senate after Tuesday’s election, with two more races to be decided.

While the F-16 purchase has critics and supporters in both parties, Bob Menendez, Democratic chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, could stand in the way given his repeated criticisms of Turkey‘s record on human rights under Erdogan.

Erdogan said in September he had received “positive” feedback from two US senators he met in New York about their potential support for the sale of F-16s. Erdogan’s spokesman said recently that the purchase could be finalized early next year.

Read more:

Trump to announce his 2024 presidential bid on Tuesday: Help

US cautiously considering F-16 deal for Turkey despite more Russian S-400s for Ankara

Erdogan tells Biden it’s time to lift ‘unfair’ sanctions on Turkey’s defense industry

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Extradite the newspaper’s editor, or not NATO https://esenfidanlik.com/extradite-the-newspapers-editor-or-not-nato/ Tue, 08 Nov 2022 22:32:19 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/extradite-the-newspapers-editor-or-not-nato/ Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has turned the screws on Sweden by personally appointing whom he wants Swedish judges to extradite in exchange for NATO membership.

“It is crucial that Sweden extradites terrorists wanted by Turkey, including senior FETÖ official Bülent Keneş,” Erdoğan said in Ankara on Tuesday (November 8th), after meeting Sweden’s new prime minister for the first time.

Keneş is an exiled Turkish editor, who ran the Zaman newspaper, and who was previously imprisoned for tweets deemed insulting towards Erdoğan.

FETÖ is Turkey‘s name for supporters of Fethullah Gülen, a US-based Muslim leader whom Erdoğan blames for staging a failed coup in 2016.

Tuesday’s summit in Ankara was supposed to help unlock NATO‘s northern expansion.

Sweden and Finland applied for membership in May to protect themselves from Russian aggression, but they are still waiting for Turkey and Hungary to ratify membership.

Turkey had previously asked Sweden to extradite 73 terrorist suspects, mostly from Kurdish separatist groups, such as the PKK and YPG.

“The terrorist organizations PKK/PYD/YPG, FETÖ and DHKP-C must be prevented from exploiting Sweden’s democratic environment,” Erdoğan also said on Tuesday.

Sweden has so far extradited only one Turkish national, on August 31, according to a Swedish letter to Turkey leaked to Reuters news agency last month.

“Sweden is committed to dealing promptly and thoroughly… with pending extradition requests from suspected terrorists,” in accordance with Swedish and EU law, the letter adds.

Erdoğan is used to getting his way from judges in Turkey, who have imprisoned thousands of his opponents since the failed coup.

But his designation of people like Keneş as political red lines at summits risks being seen as interference in Sweden’s judicial independence.

Turkish nationalist media also tracked Keneş and other exiles in Sweden, publishing their private addresses and photos of their homes and cars, or snaps of them walking around Stockholm.

“I’m not stupid. I’m not part of the coup,” Keneş told Swedish news agency SVT Nyheter two weeks ago.

“I fear that the negotiations between the newly formed Swedish government and the Islamofascist and despotic regime of Erdoğan will affect the extradition decision,” Keneş added, as he awaited his hearing in the extradition court.

For his part, Swedish Prime Minister Ulf Kristersson promised to play ball during Tuesday’s friendly press conference with Erdoğan, but did not comment on specific names.

“I want to reassure all Turks: Sweden will respect all the obligations made to Turkey in the fight against the terrorist threat before becoming a member of NATO and as a future ally,” Kristersson said.

Its foreign minister, Tobias Billström, also told the press last weekend that Sweden would keep “its distance” from two Kurdish groups in Syria, the YPG and the PYD, because too close relations were “damaging our relations with Turkey.

Sweden’s right-wing government came to power in elections in September.

The former Social Democratic government criticized Kristersson’s approach to the NATO process, calling it “worrying and acquiescent” towards Turkey.

A YPG spokesperson also told Swedish media over the weekend that it would consider sending Swedish foreign fighters back from its detention camps in northern Syria, in a further backlash.

“Why should we deal with Swedish terrorists?” the YPG spokesperson told Swedish channel TV4. “Why should we do this when you are walking away from an organization that fights terrorism and pays a lot of money?” he asked.

A spokeswoman for the PYD group in Syria told Reuters: “We believe that the Swedish government’s submission to Turkish blackmail contradicts the principles and morals of Swedish society and the humanitarian attitudes that characterize Sweden.”

Turkey’s president must emerge as a strongman on the European stage and satisfy nationalist sentiment by attacking the Kurds ahead of next June’s elections, an EU diplomat previously told EUobserver.

Hungary delay

But Erdoğan’s needs aside, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán also leaves Sweden and Finland uncertain about ratification.

Orbán’s Fidesz party on Tuesday rejected an opposition motion to put the issue to a vote this week.

If this is not done by December 6, it will be postponed to February 2023 due to the parliamentary agenda, Ágnes Vadai, an MP from the Hungarian opposition Democratic Coalition party, told this website.

There were several potential reasons for Orbán’s delay, she said.

On the one hand, Hungarians are currently more gripped by double-digit inflation than by NATO enlargement, she noted.

But Orbán is also suspected of playing political games with the NATO process.

“I think they [Fidesz] want to blackmail Finland and Sweden for EU money,” Vadai said, referring to Hungary’s clash with the European Commission, which withheld funds from Budapest over the abuse of ‘Orbán of the rule of law.

They also have “a deal with Ankara not to rush,” Vadai said, with Erdoğan and Orbán expected to gain influence by acting together.

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Sweden cuts ties with Kurds as it considers NATO https://esenfidanlik.com/sweden-cuts-ties-with-kurds-as-it-considers-nato/ Sat, 05 Nov 2022 11:27:00 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/sweden-cuts-ties-with-kurds-as-it-considers-nato/

Sweden’s new government will distance itself from the Kurdish YPG militia as it seeks Turkey’s approval to join NATO, Sweden’s foreign minister has said.

The Syrian Kurdish militia YPG and its political wing PYD are seen by Turkey as extensions of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which launched an insurgency against Turkey in 1980 and is considered a terrorist group by Turkey, the United States and the European Union.

Sweden, along with the United States and several other NATO countries, supported the YPG in the fight against the Islamic State.

However, Turkey has pledged to block Sweden’s application for NATO membership if it does not stop supporting the militia.

“There is too close a link between these organizations and the PKK (…) for it to be good for relations between us and Turkey,” Swedish Foreign Minister Tobias Billstrom told Swedish radio.

“The main goal is Swedish membership in NATO,” he said.

The move comes just days before Prime Minister Ulf Kristersson is due to travel to Ankara to try to convince Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan to let Sweden join the military alliance.

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO earlier this year as a direct result of Russia‘s invasion of Ukraine.

The request was approved by 28 of the 30 NATO countries.

The Nordic countries said this week they were optimistic Hungary would also drop its objections.

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Finnish PM urges Hungary to ratify NATO enlargement https://esenfidanlik.com/finnish-pm-urges-hungary-to-ratify-nato-enlargement/ Wed, 02 Nov 2022 11:41:06 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/finnish-pm-urges-hungary-to-ratify-nato-enlargement/

Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin has urged Hungary and Turkey to quickly approve Sweden’s and Finland’s NATO membership applications, Reuters reported Tuesday.

Hungary and Turkey are the only two remaining NATO members that have not yet ratified the candidacies.

All eyes are now on Hungary and Turkey. We are waiting for these countries to ratify our demands. I think it would be important for this to preferably happen sooner rather than later,”

said Sanna Marin at a joint press conference during the 74th regular session of the Nordic Council in Helsinki.

Gergely Gulyás, minister at the head of the Prime Minister’s Office, said at the government’s regular press conference on October 24 that the parliament was ready to ratify Sweden and Finland’s NATO membership. The process should be concluded by mid-December. The Minister noted that Parliament’s main task since the end of the summer recess was the adoption of legislation containing commitments in accordance with the agreement with the European Commission.

Related article

Hungary to ratify NATO‘s northern expansion

Hungary to ratify NATO's northern expansion

Only Turkey is now resisting, delaying the accession of Sweden and Finland to the alliance.Read more

Photo courtesy of Miniszterelnöki Sajtóiroda/Benko Vivien Cher

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UN, Turkey and Ukraine pursue Black Sea grains deal despite Russia’s withdrawal https://esenfidanlik.com/un-turkey-and-ukraine-pursue-black-sea-grains-deal-despite-russias-withdrawal/ Sun, 30 Oct 2022 22:54:00 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/un-turkey-and-ukraine-pursue-black-sea-grains-deal-despite-russias-withdrawal/
  • The UN announces that sixteen ships will move on October 31
  • Russia says move responds to Ukraine attack on ships
  • July deal allowed grain exports from Ukraine
  • US, NATO and EU urge Russia to change course on deal

KYIV/NEW YORK, Oct 30 (Reuters) – The United Nations, Turkey and Ukraine are scrambling to implement a Black Sea grain deal with a transit plan in place for 16 vessels on Monday, although that Russia suspended its participation in the pact which allowed the export of Ukrainian agricultural products to world markets.

Russia, which invaded Ukraine on February 24, on Saturday suspended its role in the Black Sea deal for an “indefinite period” because it could say it could not “guarantee the safety of ships civilians” traveling as part of the pact after an attack on its Black Sea Fleet.

The United Nations and Turkey, two main brokers of the July deal, rushed to save it on Sunday. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres was deeply concerned about Russia’s decision and delayed a foreign trip to try to revive the deal that was meant to ease a global food crisis, his spokesperson said. speech.

Following Russia’s move, wheat prices in international commodity markets are expected to jump on Monday, with Russia and Ukraine among the world’s largest wheat exporters, analysts said.

More than 9.5 million tonnes of corn, wheat, sunflower products, barley, rapeseed and soybeans have been exported since July. As part of the agreement, a Joint Coordination Center (JCC) – made up of UN, Turkish, Russian and Ukrainian officials – agrees on the movement of ships and inspects vessels.

No ship crossed the maritime humanitarian corridor established on Sunday. But the United Nations said in a statement it had agreed with Ukraine and Turkey on a movement plan for 16 ships on Monday – 12 outbound and four inbound.

He said Russian JCC officials had been briefed on the plan, as well as the intention to inspect 40 outgoing vessels on Monday, and noted that “all participants are coordinating with their respective military authorities and other relevant authorities to ensure the safe passage of commercial vessels”. “as part of the deal.

Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar was in contact with his Russian and Ukrainian counterparts to try to salvage the deal and had asked the parties to avoid any provocation, the Turkish Defense Ministry said.

NATO and the European Union urged Russia to reconsider its decision. US President Joe Biden on Saturday called Russia’s move “purely outrageous” and said it would increase starvation. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has accused Moscow of weaponizing food.

On Sunday, Russia’s ambassador to Washington hit back, saying the US response was “outrageous” and made false claims about Moscow’s decision.

FALSE PRETEXT’

Russia’s Defense Ministry said Ukraine attacked the Black Sea Fleet near Sevastopol early with 16 drones and British Navy “specialists” helped coordinate what it called a terror attack. Britain denied the claim. Russia said it repelled the attack but the targeted ships were involved in securing the grain corridor out of Ukraine’s Black Sea ports.

Ukraine has neither confirmed nor denied being behind the attack. The Ukrainian army has suggested that the Russians themselves may have been responsible for the explosions.

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said Moscow had used the explosions 220 km (137 miles) from the grain corridor as a “false pretext” for a long-planned move.

President Volodymyr Zelenskiy’s chief of staff on Saturday accused Russia of fabricating attacks on its own facilities.

Ukraine often accuses Russia of using the Black Sea Fleet to fire cruise missiles at Ukrainian civilian targets, a charge supported by some military analysts who say this makes the fleet a legitimate military target.

The Russian invasion has recently been dominated by a Ukrainian counteroffensive and Russian drone and missile attacks that have destroyed more than 30% of Ukraine’s production capacity and hit populated areas. Each side accused the other of being ready to detonate radioactive bombs.

Russia has asked the UN Security Council to meet on Monday to discuss the Sevastopol attack, UN Deputy Ambassador Dmitry Polyanskiy wrote on Twitter.

BLOCKED VESSELS

The grain deal had revived shipments from Ukraine, allowing sales on world markets, targeting the pre-war level of 5 million metric tons exported from Ukraine each month.

But before it expired on November 19, Russia had said there were serious problems with it and Ukraine complained that Moscow had blocked nearly 200 ships from picking up grain shipments.

The agreement ensured safe passage to and from Odessa and two other Ukrainian ports.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy accused Russia of wanting to escalate the crisis, saying 218 ships were stuck waiting to transport food or enter Ukrainian ports.

Zelenskiy said 40,000 tons of wheat had been loaded onto a ship at the port of Chornomorsk, chartered by the United Nations Food Program and destined for Ethiopia which he said was “on the brink of starvation” and, as Yemen and Somalia, facing “catastrophic” food shortages.

“We are ready to release this ship at sea,” he said, but like other ships carrying agricultural products, he was forced to wait, “because Russia is blackmailing the world with the hungry,” he said.

Zelenskiy called for a strong response from major economies in the United Nations and the Group of 20 (G20) to what he called Russia’s absurd decision on the grain deal, saying in a video address on Saturday that this decision threatened to cause large-scale famine in Africa and Asia. .

Reporting by David Ljunggren and Reuters bureaus; Written by William Mallard, Guy Faulconbridge, Tomasz Janowski, Philippa Fletcher and Humeyra Pamuk; Editing by Frances Kerry, Will Dunham and Sandra Maler

Our standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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Turkey: a NATO ally? :: Gatestone Institute https://esenfidanlik.com/turkey-a-nato-ally-gatestone-institute/ Fri, 28 Oct 2022 09:00:00 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/turkey-a-nato-ally-gatestone-institute/
What do the members, future members, dialogue partners and future dialogue partners of the exotic mix of nations that is the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) have in common? With their growing democratic deficits and their regimes ranging from authoritarianism to dictatorship, they are at a cold war with the global democratic bloc of nations. Pictured: Leaders of SCO member states, observers and partners pose for a photo during the SCO summit in Samarkand, Uzbekistan on September 16, 2022. (Photo by Sergei Bobylyov/Sputnik/AFP via Getty Images)

The Shanghai Five, which later became the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), was established on April 26, 1996 with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Confidence in Border Areas, in Shanghai by the heads of state of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.

Full members of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s de facto response to NATO, in addition to the Shanghai Five, are Uzbekistan, Iran, India and Pakistan, with Belarus in the process. of membership. Afghanistan and Mongolia are observer states. Sri Lanka, Turkey, Cambodia, Azerbaijan, Nepal, Armenia, Egypt, Qatar and Saudi Arabia are dialogue partners.

What do the members, future members, interlocutors and future interlocutors of this exotic mixture of nations have in common?

With their growing democratic deficits and their regimes ranging from authoritarianism to dictatorship, they are at a cold war with the global democratic bloc of nations.

A brief timeline:

  • “Let us [Turkey] and we will consider our candidacy for European Union (EU) membership” – Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said in July 2012 – the same year Turkey became a dialogue partner of the SCO.
  • “I told Putin… Let us in to break with the EU. Shanghai five is better [than the EU]. It’s much more powerful. [With membership] we will have the chance to be with the countries with which we share common values” — Erdoğan, in January 2013.
  • “Why wouldn’t Turkey be in the Five? – Erdoğan, in March 2016.
  • And finally, in September 2022, Erdoğan became the first NATO head of state to attend an SCO summit, in Uzbekistan. “Our relations with these countries will be moved to a much different position with this step,” Erdoğan said. When asked if he was talking about joining the SCO, he replied, “Of course, that’s the goal.” But that’s also Putin’s target, like planting another ticking time bomb at NATO headquarters. Erdoğan went to the summit at Putin’s personal invitation.

It’s the natural result of West’s deaf ears and blind eyes. When Erdoğan first spoke about Turkey joining the SCO a decade ago, Western capitals reacted with shy laughter and a misdiagnosis: that Erdoğan was just bluffing to win a faster accession to the European Union.

Western bigwigs didn’t even get the message when, in 2013, Erdoğan referred to Eurasian dictatorships as “countries with which we have common values”. He was just saying what to him was the truth.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said last month he was “very angered” by attempts by Turkey to join this security bloc and all the rest of Central Asia dominated by Russia and China. Sorry, too late.

Amusingly, Erdoğan became the first NATO head of state to attend an SCO summit while pressuring Congress to deliver American-made F-16 Block 70 fighter jets to his Air Force. Behind closed doors in Washington, his emissaries and back-channels will tell their American audience that “Turkey’s future is in the Western bloc, that the SCO discussion is for Turkey’s balance between its commitment to the West and its inevitable proximity to Russia”.

Putin announced at the SCO summit on September 16:

“Our agreement on deliveries of Russian natural gas to Turkey is expected to come into effect in the near future, with 25% of the payment for these deliveries in Russian rubles.”

After Western sanctions hit Russia, five Turkish banks joined Russian payment system Mir (although two later pulled out), crippling sanctions imposed in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February . Some Turkish banks have suspended lending to businesses after the latest round of Turkish government regulations increased their costs and forced many to reduce their balance sheet risks.

Nevertheless, Erdoğan’s eurasism, his revisionist neo-Ottoman policies and his aggression against Greece and Cyprus may not work as the miracle tools he might have hoped for in the run-up to the presidential and legislative elections of June 2023. He recently threatened to invade the Greek islands in the Aegean Sea. He threatened to launch a new military incursion into Syria, where Turkish soldiers are already fighting US-backed Kurdish groups. In the past, such tools have always worked to raise the nationalist spirit of Turks and won votes for Erdoğan. But the Turks live in a totally different economic realm than in the recent past.

Turkey’s official annual inflation hit a new 24-year high of 80% in August – although ENAG, an independent research body, put the true annual inflation rate at 181% for the same period . The worst may be yet to come.

EPDK, the Turkish electricity regulator, and its natural gas distribution counterpart Botas, have just decided to increase electricity and gas prices by 20% for individuals and 50% for businesses. This measure is expected to further accelerate inflation in the country.

Among the member states of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Turkey has seen the highest increase in energy prices over the past year. According euro news, Botas’ wholesale natural gas price increased by 1,330% for power generation, 997% for industrial use and 216% for residential use. Meanwhile, Turkey’s currency, the lira, has lost more than half its value against the US dollar since 2021.

According to the findings of the polling institute Optimar, 76.6% of Turks say that their main problem is inflation and unemployment. This does not bode well for the leader of a country where per capita income over the past decade has fallen from $13,000 to $8,000 and is heading for a presidential election.

Burak Bekdil, one of Turkey’s leading journalists, was recently fired from the country’s most famous newspaper after 29 years for writing in Gatestone about what is happening in Turkey. He is a member of the Middle East Forum.

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NATO expansion in doubt over Turkey’s objections https://esenfidanlik.com/nato-expansion-in-doubt-over-turkeys-objections/ Tue, 25 Oct 2022 15:56:19 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/nato-expansion-in-doubt-over-turkeys-objections/

Finland’s and Sweden’s aspirations to join NATO are in doubt as Turkey has renewed its objections to their membership bids.

Finnish diplomats met their Turkish counterparts in Ankara on Tuesday, according to local media. The meeting marked Helsinki’s latest diplomatic effort to persuade Ankara to accept its NATO bid. For the Atlantic alliance to grow, all members must agree.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has expressed reservations about joining Finland and Sweden, accusing these countries of giving refuge to Kurdish groups that Ankara considers terrorists. Addressing parliament earlier this month, Erdogan said he would closely monitor commitments from Finland and Sweden to address Turkish concerns.

Erdogan said Turkey would not make concessions as a country that has been fighting terrorism for 40 years.

FILE - Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaks during a press conference following a <a class=NATO summit, in Brussels, March 24, 2022.” src=”https://gdb.voanews.com/10070000-0aff-0242-8bfc-08da5885aafb_w250_r0_s.jpg”/>

FILE – Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaks during a press conference following a NATO summit, in Brussels, March 24, 2022.

Earlier in October, the Turkish leader accused Stockholm of backtracking on its commitments to Ankara, saying Turkey’s enemies continued to operate freely in Sweden. Erdogan, however, said he was ready to meet newly elected Swedish Prime Minister Ulf Kristersson to discuss Turkish demands.

Huseyin Bagci, director of the Ankara Foreign Policy Institute, said Erdogan saw NATO enlargement as an opportunity.

“Tayyip Erdogan is trying to increase the influence of the Turkish negotiation process through this. Maybe in the end he will say yes, but now he has to take something. It is a calculated act but if [it is] a miscalculation, we will have to see that,” Bagci said.

According to reports, Sweden has made many concessions on security. Ankara is asking for the extradition of dozens of people, including Swedish nationals wanted for terrorist offences.

Analyst Ilhan Uzgel of the Duvar news portal said concessions from Washington were Erdogan’s main objective.

“Finland and Sweden’s membership offer, he’s trying to use those two bargaining chips to get something from the West,” Uzgel said. “It can either be a meeting with [U.S. President Joe] Biden; it may be the purchase of F-16 fighter jets from the United States, [or] external support during the elections. Something that will help Erdogan put himself in a better position ahead of the election.”

Erdogan is languishing in most opinion polls ahead of the elections Turkey is due to hold by June 2023. Analyst Uzgel said Erdogan would be reluctant to give up his influence on NATO ahead of the June elections.

“I guess he’s going to use it until the election. It’s leverage he needs right now, unless he gets something big enough from the United States,” he said. Uzgel. “He’s completely and utterly focused on winning the election because he’s losing support domestically. So he has to win the election, so he’s going to do whatever it takes to stay in power domestically or externally. .”

Analysts say Erdogan will also be aware that standing up to NATO and, in particular, the United States plays well among his religious and nationalist base. This means that Finland and Sweden could wait a long time before they can join the alliance.

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