Turkey And Syria – Esen Fidanlik http://esenfidanlik.com/ Wed, 10 Aug 2022 07:31:41 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://esenfidanlik.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/cropped-icon-32x32.png Turkey And Syria – Esen Fidanlik http://esenfidanlik.com/ 32 32 We may be witnessing the parameters of a new stage in Turkey-Syria relations https://esenfidanlik.com/we-may-be-witnessing-the-parameters-of-a-new-stage-in-turkey-syria-relations/ Wed, 10 Aug 2022 07:31:41 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/we-may-be-witnessing-the-parameters-of-a-new-stage-in-turkey-syria-relations/

The war in Syria has stopped but the crisis in the country is not over.

Assad, elected president for the fourth time (but not everyone is convinced that these elections have given him back the legitimacy he claims) does not control all of Syria. More than 2/5 of Syria is under the control of Hayat Tahrir-i Sham (in Idlib), the Syrian Democratic Forces (in northeast and southeast Syria) and areas of Turkish operations controlled by the Syrian opposition (in the north).

On the international front, Syria has recently made some gains. This is particularly the case in relations with Arab countries where high-level diplomatic visits and the reopening of embassies in Damascus are taking place. The most important achievement of the Assad regime in this area would be to be able to claim its seat in the Arab League. Many League members support Syria’s return, but there are also those who continue to oppose it.

Economically, Syria is in dire straits. The majority of Syrians live at a point where they can barely survive the day. Millions of Syrians are classified by the United Nations as in need of humanitarian assistance.

Until 2011, the Assad family took the lion’s share of almost every business venture. One of the main triggers of the 2011 uprising was this family- and regime-centric economic system and widespread corruption. During all these years, this system has not changed. It’s even worse now.

Syria’s main source of income is oil. Syrian oil fields are now under the control of the YPG, which has been known to sell oil well below market rates (as low as $15-20 a barrel) to finance itself.

One of the oil companies (Gulfsands) which had to declare a “force majeure” and leave the country in 2011, proposed an initiative whereby “international oil companies would resume their activities in northeastern Syria and a portion of the proceeds from oil sales would be deposited into an internationally administered fund that will be used to fund humanitarian, economic and security projects across the country for the benefit of all Syrian people.”

Such initiatives could help create a much-needed source of much-needed humanitarian assistance and deprive non-State actors and terrorist organizations of significant revenue.

Turkey, due to geography and circumstances, is a major player in Syria. It has long aimed to establish what it calls a security zone in an area that goes (from the border) to a depth of 35 km inside Syria. This would serve to keep the YPG (as well as threatening elements such as the regime and the Islamic State) away from the borders and create an area where Syrians in Turkey (3.7 million) could return.

The Turkish Armed Forces carried out four major operations in the period 2016-2020 and achieved their objectives only partially. Turkey blames the shortcomings on the US and Russia failing to deliver on their promises to convince YPG to withdraw from their locations in exchange for a ceasefire. YPG is still present in places like Manbij and Tal Rifat.

A few weeks ago, President Erdogan signaled a new operation to complete unfinished business. This remains to be implemented.

Almost all actors in Syria, including those who argue (Russia, United States, Assad regime, Iran, Arab countries) are against a new Turkish military operation.

Turkey could not get the support it hoped for from its allies (the United States and other NATO members) and its regional cooperation partners (Russia, Iran and Arab countries).

The country that matters most in this context is Russia. The privileged relations that have emerged in recent years between Turkey and Russia have gained new momentum with the ongoing war in Ukraine.

Russia says it understands Turkey’s concerns about terrorism emanating from Syria. At the same time, he encourages the Assad regime and the YPG to join forces and establish a united front against Turkey.

It would be useful to recall that in recent years, Turkey and Russia have physically clashed in places like Libya and Syria. In Libya, Turkish drones buried the highly advertised Russian Pantsir system.

Now in Syria, unless absolutely necessary, I think Turkey would not want to face Russia again. On the other hand, Russia will not want to lose the “friendship” of NATO member Turkey, especially at a time when it has been declared a rogue state and an outcast by many around the world. It is more likely that these two countries will look for ways to appease themselves in Syria.

The crisis in Syria since 2011 has become the heaviest burden on President Erdogan’s shoulders in terms of Turkey’s international relations with many domestic implications.

Syrian refugees in Turkey have become a subject of domestic politics. When, how and if Syrians will return to their homeland has become a hotly debated topic between the government and opposition parties.

I believe that the solution to the problem of Syrians in Turkey (officially called Syrians under temporary protection) lies at the source. In other words, the voluntary return of Syrians depends on the conditions in the place where they are supposed to return. If they have doubts and concerns about their safety upon return and if certain economic opportunities and incentives are not provided, I don’t think voluntary return is possible anytime soon. There is no doubt that these will be placed under the protection and assurance of the United Nations and the international community.

The Turkish government has recently adopted a “pragmatic approach” in its foreign policy and has strengthened its ties with a number of countries in the region. Syria’s policy can also benefit from this recent approach.

There have been contacts between the two countries through their intelligence agencies. Returning from Sochi this weekend, President Erdogan reaffirmed these contacts. Apparently, Russia is the matchmaker.

The question is, after all that has happened, can the two countries or rather the two leaders bury their hatchets and resume a normal relationship? Could contacts between intelligence agencies take a next step at the political level?

There are many difficulties but also factors that would favor a process. Among them are; the elections are less than a year away and Erdogan would like to free himself from a big problem. On the other hand, Assad is trying to make his way back into the international community and keeping Turkey at bay would be a major achievement.

In terms of difficulties, the list is too long. To situate a few examples; there are too many players in the equation and they all have different priorities and agendas. Second, the Assad regime itself is a generator of problems. How will this be handled? Then there is the Syrian opposition, including the armed groups, with which Turkey has been close for many years. How will they be placed in the event of a new era of relations between Turkey and Syria? The list continues.

In any case, despite all the difficulties and frailties, a new era in relationships may be in sight. But just maybe.

]]> Hezbollah Reveals Strategic Weapon, Intensifies Stance Against Israel https://esenfidanlik.com/hezbollah-reveals-strategic-weapon-intensifies-stance-against-israel/ Sun, 07 Aug 2022 08:53:16 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/hezbollah-reveals-strategic-weapon-intensifies-stance-against-israel/

A senior Hezbollah figure announced that the party had a “strategic weapon”, which Israel could not prevent it from obtaining. The official did not specify the nature of the weapon.

The party has raised the possibility of using its military arsenal to prevent Israel from extracting oil and gas from the Mediterranean before allowing Lebanon to explore it.

Last month, Hezbollah threatened to hit Israeli offshore platforms if Lebanon could not explore for its oil and gas.

Last week, the party’s military media released a video of Israeli ships in the disputed gas field, warning of ‘playing with time’, underscoring its threat of military escalation amid demarcation talks. the sea border.

Hezbollah Executive Council chief Sayyid Hashem Safieddin says Israel’s attempts to prevent the resistance from obtaining strategic weapons have failed, stressing that the resistance has obtained these weapons and there is nothing the enemy can do to dissuade her.

Safieddine called on his supporters not to be swayed by media campaigns that want to undermine the party’s capabilities, adding, “If they target our weapons and capabilities, we need to build our strength and ability” to get weapons.

The official explained that when Israel lost hope of Lebanon giving up its rights, it would be forced to retreat.

“Our strategy must be to progress. After all this experience, these victories and these achievements, none of us should ever think of retreating.”

The party believes its threat to use force against Israeli installations has again moved the border demarcation negotiations.

For his part, the leader of the Loyalty to the Resistance parliamentary bloc, Mohammad Raad, stressed that Lebanon insists on obtaining its exclusive maritime rights.

Raad said Israel claimed Europe needed the gas and the opportunity suited them to extract it from occupied waters, denying Lebanon’s rights to demarcate its maritime borders and gas extraction.

The lawmaker indicated that four drones were enough to change the situation, pushed the United States to send an envoy and is now ready to respond to the demands of the Lebanese.

Raad stressed that Lebanese officials agree on a unified position and that the drones support the official Lebanese position, adding that the party can demonstrate its strength at this time, leading to positive developments.

He indicated that based on previous experiences, “we must not depend on those who have wronged us”, despite all the media reports of positive developments and concessions in the interest of Lebanon on the basis of the official position supported by the resistance.

Raad said the party would remain ready to deal with all options until the deal is finalized.

Hezbollah has raised the possibility of waging war on Israel, a rhetoric repeated by its officials in recent days.

Hezbollah Central Council member Sheikh Hassan al-Baghdadi says if there is hope in Lebanon’s gas and oil, it is through this equation that made the enemy lose his ability to maneuver, placing him between two options.

Baghdadi explained that the enemy must either accept Lebanon’s legitimate demand for demarcation and gas exploration or go to war.

He believes that Israel does not want war, especially after the July 2006 war victory, warning that the results of any “rash adventure” will be different on different levels and will have disastrous consequences.


]]> Turkey continues its drone war in northern Syria https://esenfidanlik.com/turkey-continues-its-drone-war-in-northern-syria/ Fri, 05 Aug 2022 08:30:22 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/turkey-continues-its-drone-war-in-northern-syria/

A member of the Tal Tamr Military Council of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) was killed by a Turkish drone strike in Tal Jumaa on Thursday.

Areas east of the Euphrates have seen an increase in Turkish drone attacks, which have killed prominent leaders and fighters of the People’s Defense Units.

This new development comes after the Tehran summit between Russian Presidents Vladimir Putin, Iranian Ebrahim Raisi and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Observers say Turkey is following a new strategy to weaken the SDF after failing to secure international support that would allow it to carry out a military operation in northern Syria.

They felt that the Turkish escalation came after the Tehran summit, where Turkey may have gotten the green light from Russia and Iran to weaken the SDF by targeting its leaders instead of launching the operation military effort to establish safe zones 30 kilometers inside Syrian territory south of the Turkish border.

On July 24, Turkey announced the murder of the commander of military operations in Ain al-Arab, and a week later the intelligence services announced the death of Arhan Arman, a member of the Executive Council in Ain al-Arab.

Meanwhile, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) said Turkish armed drones killed at least ten SDF fighters, including prominent leaders.

The Observatory reported 43 attacks by Turkish drones in areas under the control of the Autonomous Administration of North and Northeast Syria.

Since the beginning of the year, 35 soldiers and one civilian have been killed and 80 others injured.

Turkish forces and Syrian National Army (SNA) factions shelled SDF locations in al-Hasakah, where several artillery shells fell on the village of Tawila in Tal Tamr.

Turkey’s Defense Ministry said in a statement on Thursday that it had eliminated two SDF members who were about to launch an attack on the Spring of Peace area, controlled by Ankara and its loyal factions in the northeast. of Syria.

The statement said that the Turkish army continues its preventive operations against terrorists in northern Syria.

Syrian regime forces directly targeted a vehicle of Turkish troops on the Efes axis in the eastern countryside of Idlib. They shelled the surroundings of the village of Maklabis in the western countryside of Aleppo, coinciding with the overflight of a Russian warplane in the de-escalation zone in northwest Syria.


]]> Country sheet: World Vision – Syria – Syrian Arab Republic https://esenfidanlik.com/country-sheet-world-vision-syria-syrian-arab-republic/ Tue, 02 Aug 2022 13:03:23 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/country-sheet-world-vision-syria-syrian-arab-republic/

Attachments

World Vision Syria Response has been operating in Syria, Jordan and Turkey since 2011. We provide lifesaving protection, education, WASH and health services to refugees and local communities, affected by the ongoing conflict which is in its 11th year. The war has left 6.5 million Syrian children in need of humanitarian assistance and displaced more than 12 million Syrians. Half of them remain uprooted inside their homes, exposed to continued attacks and bombings, while the economic fallout pushes them into new vulnerabilities and food insecurity. This leaves 14.6 million Syrians in need of humanitarian assistance inside Syria, half of them children while 80% of them are internally displaced women and children. interior of the country. The COVID-19 pandemic, economic crisis and lack of accountability for grave violations against children and civilians have further worsened the situation for Syrian children, their families and host communities.

In 2021 alone, we reached over 1.5 million people through direct project implementation; half of them are girls and boys. At the same time, we have had a positive impact on the lives of more than 7.8 million war-affected children in the three countries we cover, through advocacy efforts and political impact. Over the past year, World Vision Syria Response has also reached 334,511 people living with disabilities (PWD) with essential services, including 151,290 children with disabilities (CWD); and 279,956 beneficiaries gained access to improved sanitation services. By 2023, World Vision Syria Response aims to contribute to improving the well-being of 1,700,000 girls and boys affected by the Syrian refugee crisis, by meeting their humanitarian needs, promoting and protecting their rights.

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Erdoğan to visit Putin in Sochi under threat of Syria offensive https://esenfidanlik.com/erdogan-to-visit-putin-in-sochi-under-threat-of-syria-offensive/ Mon, 01 Aug 2022 15:48:30 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/erdogan-to-visit-putin-in-sochi-under-threat-of-syria-offensive/

Turkey strives to maintain ties with Russia while condemning its aggression

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is expected to be the first NATO leader to visit Russia since the invasion of Ukraine when visiting President Vladimir Putin on Friday.

Russia and Turkey are heavily involved in Syria, with Moscow supporting the Assad regime and Ankara the Sunni Arab rebels. And Erdoğan recently talked about launching a new incursion into Syria, into areas of Russian military presence.

“What is clear is that the fact that it is Erdoğan who is going to Sochi means that it is Turkey who wants something from Russia,” said Daria Isachenko, an expert on Turkey and Russia. at the Berlin-based German Institute for International and Security Affairs.

“It’s most likely Syria,” she said.

Erdoğan will seek permission to carry out an offensive in Syria and will discuss possible details, such as the area and its size, Isachenko told The Media Line.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the two leaders would talk about defense cooperation, Russian state news agency TASS reported on Wednesday.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu said in a TV interview in late July that his country does not seek permission for military operations.

Erdoğan has spoken in recent months of launching an incursion, later specifying that his country would attack US-allied Kurdish militants in Tel Rifaat and Manbij in northwestern Syria, near the Turkish border.

Ankara says Kurdish forces in Syria are cooperating with the militant Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) group, which has been engaged in an insurgency in Turkey for decades.

Turkey, the United States and the EU classify the PKK as a terrorist organization.

An obstacle to the Kremlin’s acceptance of a Turkish incursion would be Iran, which has taken over some of the space left by Russia‘s reduced presence in Syria since its invasion of Ukraine and has expressed its opposition. to the plans of Ankara.

Isachenko said Iran and Turkey are important for Russia, which will have to adapt to both.

Since the invasion of Ukraine, Turkey has been trying to reconcile its desire to maintain ties with Russia and its condemnation of the Kremlin’s aggression.

Turkey exercised its authority under the Montreux Convention, limiting the access of Russian vessels to the Black Sea, located south of Ukraine.

While Erdoğan said Russia’s ‘military operation’ in Ukraine was ‘not acceptable’ soon after it began, he added: ‘We consider both Russia and Ukraine to be our close partners. “.

Turkey is heavily dependent on Russia as a source of energy, tourism and trade.

Timothy Ash, an economist specializing in Turkey and Ukraine, said Erdoğan would like to obtain commitments from Russia to continue providing cheap energy and allow the export of agricultural products from the country and Europe. Ukraine.

This is “key for Turkey to reduce its current account deficit and moderate the pressure on [the] read,” Ash wrote in a message to The Media Line.

A coordination center in Istanbul was opened on Wednesday to oversee the export of food shipments stuck in Ukrainian ports since the Russian invasion, after the signing of an agreement between the three countries and the UN on July 22.

The trapped grain has driven up food prices around the world, although soaring inflation was a problem Turkey had been dealing with for many months before February.

Last year, the Turkish lira lost 44% of its value against the US dollar. The currency is down another 25% so far in 2022.

Ash said that in exchange for such commitments from Russia, Putin would like to ensure that Turkey does not impose sanctions on him and hopes that Ankara will reduce support for Ukraine.

Erdoğan has been closing in on Putin for years, including buying the S-400 mobile surface-to-air missile defense system from Russia.

However, Turkey and Russia have never been allies and analysts warn that Erdoğan is likely to continue to view Moscow as a threat.

With the two countries supporting opposing sides in Syria, Moscow could pose major risks to the Turkish military and territory.

A Russian-backed attack on Syria’s Idlib region, where millions of displaced people now live near the Turkish border, could lead to a new flow of asylum seekers and increase the domestic pressure Erdoğan faces due to of heightened anti-refugee sentiment.

However, the international backlash against Russia, which has seen sweeping sanctions and some of the world’s biggest companies leave the country, has strengthened Turkey’s position.

Isachenko said that despite some opposition from Moscow, she believes Turkey will continue the offensive in Syria.

“It’s really a question of where Turkey will conduct the operation,” she said.

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Despite warnings, Turkey continues to assassinate Kurdish leaders https://esenfidanlik.com/despite-warnings-turkey-continues-to-assassinate-kurdish-leaders/ Sat, 30 Jul 2022 09:05:00 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/despite-warnings-turkey-continues-to-assassinate-kurdish-leaders/

Over the past few days, Turkish forces have expanded their operations against Kurdish militants, both senior leaders and fighters, in a clear message that there is no longer any safe haven for them, whether in Iraq, Syria, in the cities or on the top of the mountains.

Turkey said on Thursday that its National Intelligence Organization (MİT) carried out an operation to assassinate a leader of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) during an operation in northern Iraq.

Security sources told state-run Anadolu Agency that MİT agents were monitoring the movements of Hatice Hazar, alias Pervin Zilan, but did not specify when the murder took place.

The Anadolu Agency report said the MİT team “returned safely to Turkey“. The PKK, on ​​the other hand, has yet to make a statement.

The attack reportedly took place in the northern Iraqi town of Sulaymaniyah, days after another prominent Syrian Kurdish leader was assassinated in the same Iraqi town near the Iranian border.

Observers believe that Turkey carries out relentless attacks on Kurds, regardless of where they are and which parties are sponsoring or harboring them. It appears that Turkey wants to demonstrate its determination to carry out its assault despite widespread protests, including from Iranians, Russians and Americans, who oppose Ankara’s growing influence in Kurdish areas.

Since the July 18 summit in Tehran between the Turkish, Russian and Iranian presidents, Turkey has accelerated the pace of its killings in areas controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), whose backbone is made up of Kurdish fighters.

Turkey has ignored official and popular protests after targeting an Iraqi tourist site last week when dozens of civilians were injured and killed. Meanwhile, an increasingly weak Iraqi government has failed to pressure Ankara into agreeing to withdraw from Iraqi territory.

Hazar joined the ranks of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), designated a terrorist organization in Turkey, in 1991 and was in charge of the women’s branch of the organization in Armenia in 2004, according to Turkish security sources. She then presided over the activities of the Iranian wing of the Kurdistan Free Life Party (PJAK) of the PKK in Syria in 2017.

The PKK is based in the Qandil Mountains in northern Iraq and is active in many towns, regions and valleys, from where it launches attacks against Turkish sites.

The most recent operation came just days after Turkish intelligence services killed Kurdish leader Farhad Shibli, vice-president of the Joint Presidency of the Autonomous Administration for North and East Syria (AANES ).

The Anadolu news agency quoted Turkish security sources on Sunday as saying that Shibli, nicknamed “Farhad Drake”, had been given a mission in Iraq by the PKK leadership. The sources added that he was close to PKK leader Farhad Abdi Shahin.

AANES accused Turkey of assassinating Shibli by targeting a civilian car with a drone in Sulaymaniyah, when the Kurdish leader was visiting for medical treatment.

Ankara’s recent operations are a wake-up call for Iranian and Kurdish authorities in Sulaymaniyah, observers say, noting that Turkey is ready to target any Kurdish leader anytime, anywhere.

The counter-terrorism agency of the semi-autonomous region of Iraqi Kurdistan said last Friday that a Turkish drone also killed four PKK militants and injured another in Sulaymaniyah.

The escalation follows Ankara’s threat nearly two months ago to launch a military campaign against two areas controlled by Kurdish forces. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said on Tuesday that his country would continue to fight terrorist organizations in northern Syria, despite international warnings.

On Thursday, Kurdish security forces also known as Asayish in the regions of Jazira, Euphrates and Afrin announced the killing of four of their members, including three women, following a Turkish strike.

In a statement, the Asayish condemned Turkey’s ongoing aggression and said a drone strike in the town of Ain Issa in Raqqa had led to the “martyrdom of four people”.

In April, the Turkish Defense Ministry announced that Ankara had launched a major cross-border military offensive against PKK militants in northern Iraq.

Defense Minister Hulusi Akar said Turkish forces were targeting “terrorists only” and had taken extra precautions to avoid civilian casualties and damage to cultural heritage.

Iraqi President Barham Salih’s office said it considered the Turkish offensive a threat to the country’s national security, while Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Çavuşoğlu said Turkey’s goal was to protect its borders.

(This article was originally published in Arabic weekly and reproduced here with permission.)

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At least 17 dead in rare clashes in southern Syria https://esenfidanlik.com/at-least-17-dead-in-rare-clashes-in-southern-syria/ Thu, 28 Jul 2022 10:34:05 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/at-least-17-dead-in-rare-clashes-in-southern-syria/ Majority Druze in Sweida remain largely untouched by bloody conflict in Syria

At least 17 people have been killed and dozens injured in Syria’s southern Sweida province in clashes between armed residents and gangs aligned with security agencies, local media and government officials said Thursday. activists.

The province’s majority Druze have remained mostly unaffected by the bloody conflict that has ravaged the rest of Syria since 2011, but sporadic gatherings are taking place in the face of deteriorating economic conditions.

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Residents are also growing frustrated with government-backed fighters carrying out arbitrary detentions, random roadblocks and kidnappings for ransom, said activist Rayan Maarouf.

According to Sweida24 Local media, led by Marrouf, said a resident’s detention over the weekend prompted others to set up informal roadblocks, arrest members of government-backed gangs and besiege their bases.

“This uprising broke out very suddenly and there were attacks on the bases of these armed groups, which are reinforced with heavy weapons,” Maarouf said. Reuters.

The resulting fighting left 17 dead according to the Sweida health directorate, quoted by the two Sweida24 and pro-government Al Watan newspaper.

The Syrian government has not commented on the violence, but Al Watan said the fighting has died down and settlement negotiations are underway.

The man abducted over the weekend has finally been released, Sweida24 reported.

Sweida saw rare protests earlier this year when dozens of people gathered in the provincial capital to demand an end to cuts in petrol subsidies.

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Syria builds three new bases to counter Turkish aggression https://esenfidanlik.com/syria-builds-three-new-bases-to-counter-turkish-aggression/ Sat, 23 Jul 2022 20:45:38 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/syria-builds-three-new-bases-to-counter-turkish-aggression/ Syria, backed by Russian forces, is building new bases in northern Raqqa with new equipment in a bid to counter any possible Turkish aggression in the area.

  • Three new Syrian military bases have been built around the village of Al-Tarawziya

Three new Syrian military bases have been built around Al-Tarawziya village, source says Sputnik. The village is located in the north of the province of Raqqa, in northern Syria, and close to the M-4 highway.

The source also said that to focus on part of the M-4 highway that connects Al-Hasakah and Al-Raqqa provinces, the Syrian army is also building additional infrastructure.

Alongside the Syrian army are Russian forces which, according to the source, have “brought new military equipment close to the bases and positions of the Turkish army and its affiliated elements west of Tal Abyad, located in the north of the province of Hasakah”.

Syria continues to strengthen and reinforce its positions in the country in a bid to counter an aggression that Turkey announced earlier, allegedly to fight militants from the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and establish a “safe zone” on Syrian soil.

Earlier reinforcements in northern Syria

Previously, the Syrian army, according to Al Mayadeen sources, reinforced its military posts on July 4 in the town of Ain Issa in the northern countryside of Raqqa, which is under the control of SDF militants.

The sources said that the Syrian army has also strengthened its military positions in the town of Ayn Al-Arab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo.

SDF media office director Farhad Shami said that “550 Syrian army soldiers arrived in SDF areas”, adding that “Syrian soldiers arrived in SDF areas after an initial agreement to face any Turkish aggression on the region”. .”

Additionally, at the Tehran summit on July 19, Iranian leader Sayyed Ali Khamenei told Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan that any military action in northern Syria would be “harmful” to the region.

“This is definitely detrimental to Syria, Turkey and the region and will not achieve the political action expected by the Syrian government,” he said in reference to possible military actions that could be taken by Ankara.

Read more: Duma Commission: The hypothesis of a Turkish operation in northern Syria has subsided

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Spotlight on Iran (July 7, 2022 – July 21, 2022) https://esenfidanlik.com/spotlight-on-iran-july-7-2022-july-21-2022/ Thu, 21 Jul 2022 15:21:38 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/spotlight-on-iran-july-7-2022-july-21-2022/




</p> <p> Spotlight on Iran (July 7, 2022 – July 21, 2022) – Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center




Spotlight on Iran (July 7, 2022 – July 21, 2022) – Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center






















































Insight
  • On July 19, the Iranian, Russian and Turkish presidents held a summit in Tehran as part of the Astana talks process regarding the settlement of the war in Syria. During his meeting with the Turkish President, Iran’s Supreme Leader Khamenei warned against further Turkish military actions in northern Syria.
  • On July 10, Iranian President Raisi spoke on the phone with Syrian President al-Assad and called for the implementation of the agreements signed by the two countries during the Syrian President’s recent visit to Tehran in May.
  • On the eve of President Assad’s visit to the city of Aleppo – for the first time since the outbreak of the Syrian uprising and war – Iran’s consul general in Aleppo paid a visit to the headquarters of a militia pro-Iranian Syrian army in eastern Aleppo. The meeting brought together the commander of the militia, Lebanese Hezbollah commanders and commanders of other pro-Iranian militias in the region.
  • Iran has appointed Mojtaba Amini, previously head of the Iranian interests section in Cairo, as its next ambassador to Lebanon.
  • Iraqi sources reported that the commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) Quds Force, Esmail Qa’ani, visited northern Iraq in early July and met with representatives of the two main Kurdish parties to mediate between them and resolve the disagreement. among themselves regarding the appointment of the next Iraqi president.
Iranian involvement in Syria
  • On July 19, the Iranian, Russian and Turkish presidents held another summit as part of the Astana talks process aimed at settling the war in Syria. During the meeting of the three presidents, Iranian President Raisi declared that Syria’s sovereignty is a “red line” as far as Tehran is concerned. He insisted that the illegal presence of the United States in Syria was the reason for the instability in the country and underlined Iran’s continued support for a political solution in Syria, alongside the persistence of the war. against terrorism. Raisi also condemned the economic sanctions imposed on Syria (Fars, July 19). Alongside the tripartite summit, Syrian Foreign Minister Faysal Mekdad arrived for a visit to Tehran.
  • During his meeting with the Turkish President on the day of the summit, Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei warned Recep Tayyip Erdoğan against any further Turkish military action in Syria. Khamenei stressed the importance of Syria’s territorial integrity and argued that a military operation in northern Syria would harm Turkey, Syria and the region. He pointed out that terrorism must be fought, but military action in Syria will only benefit terrorists. Khamenei expressed Iran’s willingness to cooperate with Turkey to fight terrorist groups in Syria, and added that the Syrian issue should be resolved through talks between Iran, Turkey, Syria and Russia (Fars , July 19).
  • On July 10, Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi spoke by telephone with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and greeted him on the occasion of Eid al-Adha. Raisi called for the implementation of the agreements signed by the two countries during President Assad’s recent visit to Tehran in May. He underlined Iran’s unwavering support for the “axis of resistance”, and in particular Syria, and said that Iran supports peace and stability in the country and opposes any intervention foreigner in Syria. President Assad asserted in his remarks that the enemies of Iran and Syria are getting weaker day by day in their campaign against the “axis of resistance” and that the two countries stand side by side in this fight (ISNA, July 10).
  • On July 8, Iran’s Ambassador to Syria, Mehdi Sobhani, met with Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister Bashar al-Jafari. During the meeting, the two men discussed bilateral relations, regional and international developments.
  • Syrian pro-opposition newspaper Ayn al-Furat reported (July 9) that a new training camp for pro-Iranian militias in Syria had been established about two kilometers (1.2 miles) from the town of al-Abbadeh in Eastern Ghouta, near Damascus. International airport. According to this report, the erection of the camp took two months and includes a large courtyard used for small arms training, observation posts, an operations room and a room for storing weapons and ammunition. The report also alleged that IRGC commanders visited the camp on July 7.e to inaugurate it and ensure that it is ready to become operational.
  • On the night of July 7e and 8e, the Iranian consul in Aleppo, Seyyed Nayab Nouri, arrived for a visit to the headquarters of the pro-Iranian militia Liwaa’ al-Baqr in eastern Aleppo. The meeting, held on the eve of President Assad’s Eid al-Adha visit to Aleppo, was attended by militia commander Khaled al-Marei; the Shiite cleric Ayatollah Eid al-Saheb al-Mousawi; commanders belonging to the Lebanese Hezbollah; and commanders of pro-Iranian militias in the region. During the visit, the senior Shia cleric praised Iran and the “axis of resistance”, and the Iranian consul presented al-Marei with a sword of Ali (Zulfiqar) in gift (Syrian TV, July 10, 2008).
  • Mazloum Abdi, the commander of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a Kurdish-led militia, called on Iran and Russia to prevent Turkey from carrying out its threats to invade areas under the control of its forces in the north of Syria. At a press conference held by Abdi on July 15e, the SDF commander accused the US-led International Coalition of adopting a “weak” position, insufficient to put an end to Ankara’s threats (ISNA, July 16, 2008). Senior Iranian officials have recently underlined Iran’s opposition to Turkish military action in northern Syria.
  • On July 16, Iran’s Ambassador to Damascus, Mehdi Sobhani, met with Syrian Culture Minister Lubanah Mshaweh and discussed cultural cooperation between the two countries (ISNA, July 16).
  • Mojtaba Amini has been appointed Iran’s new ambassador to Lebanon. Before that, Amini served as head of the Iranian interests section in Cairo. He replaces in his new functions Mohammad Jalal Firouznia, who had been ambassador to Beirut since August 2018. On the eve of his departure for Beirut, Amini met the Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hossein Amir Abdollahian, who stressed the need to broaden cooperation between Iran and Lebanon, and the importance of Lebanon in the “axis of resistance” against Israel. Amini pointed out that he intended to cooperate with the Lebanese government and with all political groups and currents in the country (Fars, July 10, 2008).
Iranian involvement in Iraq
  • Al-Araby al-Jadid newspaper reported (July 7) that IRGC Quds Force Commander Esmail Qa’ani had arrived for a visit to northern Iraq and held meetings with representatives of the two main Kurdish parties: the Democratic Party of Kurdistan (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) in an effort to mediate between them and resolve the disagreement over the appointment of the next Iraqi president. According to the report, Qa’ani met with PUK leaders in Sulaymaniyah and KDP leaders in Erbil. The report also claims that if the two parties fail to reach an agreement on the identity of the next president of the republic, Qa’ani will ask the members of the Coordination Framework (the bloc of pro-Iranian political currents and militias) to support PUK candidate for President of Iraq. A senior KDP official told al-Araby al-Jadid that Iranian mediation efforts had so far failed. A senior Coordination Framework official, on the other hand, told the newspaper that the results of the Quds Force commander’s mediation efforts would become apparent after the Eid al-Adha break ends.
  • On July 18, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian spoke on the phone with his Iraqi counterpart, Fuad Hussein, and discussed bilateral issues and Iraqi mediation efforts between Iran and Saudi Arabia. . Abdollahian expressed his appreciation for Iraq’s efforts to promote regional dialogue and expressed Iran’s willingness to continue consultations with Baghdad to advance bilateral and regional issues (ISNA, July 18).
Iranian involvement in Afghanistan
  • On July 17, Iran’s ambassador to Kabul, Bahador Aminian, met with the Taliban government’s foreign minister, Amir Khan Muttaqi. The two men discussed, among other things, the issue of Afghan refugees in Iran, counter-narcotics operations, border disputes between the two nations and bilateral trade relations. At the meeting, the Iranian ambassador said Afghanistan’s security and stability benefit the entire region. The Taliban’s foreign minister said his country wanted to deepen its ties with Iran, as part of its efforts to become a regional trade hub (Fars, July 17, 2008).

]]> The FDS announce a general mobilization in anticipation of a Turkish attack https://esenfidanlik.com/the-fds-announce-a-general-mobilization-in-anticipation-of-a-turkish-attack/ Tue, 19 Jul 2022 09:47:07 +0000 https://esenfidanlik.com/the-fds-announce-a-general-mobilization-in-anticipation-of-a-turkish-attack/

The military councils of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) on Monday declared a general mobilization in areas under their control in northeastern Syria.

They also announced the sending of military reinforcements near the borders with Turkey as Ankara continues to threaten to carry out a new offensive in the region.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported the arrival of new regime reinforcements on the frontlines in the Manbij countryside, east of Aleppo.

Several buses loaded with regime and Russian forces arrived at the front lines on Monday.

Pro-Turkish National Army factions in the Manbij countryside have also taken a stand.

Regime forces have recently reinforced their positions in Ain Issa and on the M4 international highway.

Reinforcements included buses carrying 250 soldiers, five tanks and heavy weapons.

The region witnesses almost daily clashes between the warring parties.

Separately, masses of US soldiers roamed the countryside of Tal Tamr, northwest of al-Hasakah governorate, under the protection of SDF patrols.

The international coalition forces and the SDF carried out a new series of live ammunition military exercises at the coalition base in the town of al-Shaddadi, south of al-Hasakah.

A military aid convoy, consisting of 50 trucks, also arrived at the base. It included weapons, logistical equipment, armored vehicles, and water and fuel tanks.

The day before, 80 trucks carrying reinforcements arrived at coalition bases in al-Hasakah and Deir Ezzor province.


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